Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) results from a progressive thickening of an artery’s lining caused by a buildup of plaque, which narrows or blocks blood flow, reducing the circulation of the blood to a specific organ or region of the body. This can also be caused by a hardening and narrowing of the arteries, called stenosis.
Quitting smoking is a very important first step in reducing your risk of complications or further damage to your circulatory system. Often, symptoms such as leg pain or weakness in the extremities can be solved by lifestyle changes or medications prescribed by your vascular surgeon. However, in some cases, treatment options such as atherectomy, angioplasty, stenting or bypass surgery might be necessary to treat your PAD.